NEW ORLEANS – My mother and stepfather grew up in the Jim Crowe era, Dontay Carter told VOA. Carter is the head of public relations for the Atlanta suburbs and led efforts to register and consolidate voters in the area.
Sometimes people think of that time as ancient history, but that’s not true, he said. People who are still alive today are shocked to see what happened.
Jim Crow refers to a period in the history of the United States from the late 19th century to the first half of the 20th century in which state and local laws, essentially states of South America, denied equal opportunity to citizens blacks.
Carter said he was told about the turbulent period when he was a child, a time whose influence many believe is still seen today.
He told me that my honest father told me and his siblings stories about how they could walk three miles to school because every time they got on the bus there were fights with white students who didn’t want them to sit down, he said. Children of Krishna can sit on the bus today, but it is not very difficult to find the imperfections in our society. See where the industrial trees are in the Atlanta area. All this pollution has thrown out the black community. There are even neighborhoods that are particularly prone to this because of the racist “black neighborhood” Jim Cray.
The Jim Crow revival?
In the months leading up to the November 2020 presidential election, where Democratic candidate Joseph Biden defeated incumbent President Donald Trump, state legislatures across the country contested and sometimes passed from southern and sunbelt states like Georgia , Texas and Arizona. The law restricts the way voters can cast their votes.
Republicans in the state say the bills were designed to secure the electoral process and make fraudulent voting more difficult: Justices across the judiciary have denied there are problems with the 2020 elections. However, since late March, 47 states have tried to impose stricter identification requirements for more than 360 non-ballot steps, limiting ballot boxes to deliver ballots and short runoff elections.
Democrats have derided the measure as yet another attempt by Republicans to make it harder for African Americans and other minorities, groups that vote more for Democrats, to vote more for them. They say racist politicians stole it from the same playbook they used to stop black Americans from voting more than a century ago.
Biden recently called it Jim Crow in the 21st century, and other Democrats have called it Jim Crow 2.0.
For some, who call the recent proposals the opposite of the East, the racist era is unfair and unconscious.
I have no doubt that some African Americans still remember the Jim Crow era in this country, says Jay Williams, who was an advisor to many of the top Republican politicians. But the story that Republicans have stopped blacks from voting today is ridiculous. Voter turnout has increased in each of the last three elections, including minority voters. There is nothing to ignore about these laws.
Jim Crowe Story
The Jim Crowe Act, named after a character on the Black Minstrel show, and its predecessor, the Black Codes, were the first laws to be enforced throughout the southern United States after the end of the Civil War in 1855. After After winning the war, the United States government passed amendments to the Constitution that denied the rights guaranteed before slavery.
However, strict state and local laws attempted to infringe on the rights of black Americans by restricting their ability to find work, study, and vote.
Matthew Stewart, a history professor in the Mississippi suburbs of Jackson, explained that the laws required a poll tax to be paid to vote. The need to pay to vote passed is already dire, but by limiting the ability to pay, more barriers are created. to taxes.
Stuart said South American states also tested literacy to prevent black Americans from voting.
Of course, this will discourage African Americans from voting, because they were also passing laws that made education difficult for them.
During this period hateful groups such as the Ku Klux Klan were founded, allowing white Americans to maintain anonymous identities while hunting down and suppressing the rights of newly freed slaves.
Between the end of post-Civil War reconstruction and the passage of the 1965 suffrage law, Jim Crowe lasted about 60 years, Stuart said of the federal law that ultimately outlawed discriminatory voting in the South. But I can only spend three weeks with my students during the entire period.
For Stuart and many others, spending so little time in an era that continues to divide today is a missed opportunity to learn and reflect. “We’ve pretty much moved from the civil war to the civil rights era and we look at their heroes like Martin Luther King Jr. and we feel good about how far we’ve come,” Stewart said. But these 70 years made the era of civil rights possible. This is the entire life of a generation. And just because it’s uncomfortable doesn’t mean we shouldn’t address it.
A permanent inheritance
Blair Condall, a political science professor at Dillard University of the Historically Black College of Black Liberal Arts in New Orleans, is also a lawyer and constitutional scholar who spends four hours each morning on a daily radio show.
She finds it clear why Jim Crowe continues to influence American life, especially in southern states like Louisiana.
Of course, there is still influence between Jim Crowe and former slavery. This society has had two tiers for hundreds of years: one for white Americans and the other for blacks. “We can’t just erase it in a couple of generations,” Condole told VOA.
Carter agreed, adding that although it was no longer codified into law, the enduring legacy of the Jim Crow era in his daily life remained clear.
He sees it in the isolated neighborhoods of American cities and in discrimination in the education of black and white children. He will see this in the solvency practices of banks and why groceries are being built elsewhere while roads are being built in one part of the city.
Carter said these inequalities occur because black Americans often come up with political excuses to stop them. He says politicians use their power to make it harder for blacks to vote than to make it harder.
In Shelby v. .
Political consultant Williams believes the decision is effective.
Why would Georgia need federal approval of its voting law when it is not New York? It doesn’t look very good to me, he said.
For Carter, the answer to this question couldn’t be more obvious.
For more than eight decades, and until so long ago, states like Georgia exercised the right to vote that deprived black voters, he explained. In fact, they just passed a law that would never have passed if the suffrage law had been completely intact.
There is pressure among Congressional Democrats to reform the electoral system and defend against separate state measures. Condall believes that the right to vote is guaranteed by the constitution, so the right to create a standard set of rules and regulations is in the hands of the federal government.
He said there are times when it is not understood that each state has different laws. Voting is one of those moments. For hundreds of years and through Jim Crowe we have seen that states do not protect everyone’s rights equally. This is the moment when we have learned our lessons and protect the right to vote.