Myanmar’s new military junta, which overturned the outcome of democratic elections when it took power last Monday, has warned the public not to “destroy” democracy after three days of protests.
In a statement on a government-run MRTV channel, the military warned without discipline that “democracy could be destroyed”, and those who “damage the stability of the state, public security and the rule of law” are legal. He warned that he could face some action.
The military junta cracks down on tens of thousands of people protesting the February 1 coup under the threat of using live ammunition after the military imposes a curfew and restrictions on the second-largest city, Mandalay.
Several Mandalay municipalities have received curfew notices as of 8 pm. Until 5 in the morning, according to the official notice published on social networks and translated by CNN.
In some parts of the city, gatherings and speeches by five or more people taking part in the march on foot or by car are prohibited, and “there is a risk of disturbances from taking anxious actions.” That. It can affect the peace of the people and the rule of law. ”
Detained persons can be prosecuted under article 144 of the Penal Code for “illegal demonstrations”. Section 144 has been used in the past as a way to thwart legitimate protests and justify a violent crackdown on large-scale demonstrations.
For four consecutive days on Tuesday, thousands of people gathered in the capi
tal, Naypyidaw, in opposition to the military takeover, calling for the release of the detained private leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other elected lawmakers.
Riot police used water cannons against protesters gathered near a barricade on the capital’s main road. I heard the protesters chanting “Popular Police.” Police warned the speaker that the protesters could use their power if they did not leave the area.
It was the second day that the police used water cannons against protesters in Naypyidaw. On Monday, protesters chanted an anti-coup slogan, demanding that elected leaders regain power. The protesters broke up after saying they would fire live ammunition if police crossed the police line on one of the main roads in the city.
During a demonstration against a military coup in Naypyidaw on February 8, 2021, a police car fired a water cannon to disperse the protesters.
On Monday, protesters in Yangon, the largest city, chanted and raised the three-finger salute of the rebels from the film The Hunger Games franchise, which was a sign of popular protests in the 2014 coup, in the old capital. We march towards the Sule Pagoda in the center. In Thailand next door. The Sule Pagoda was the center of anti-government protests severely repressed by the military in 1988 and 2007.
In a live broadcast posted on social media, protesters were heard shouting, “The people are against the dictator’s rule” and holding banners with portraits of Soo Chi’s face.
Members of the Student Union led the first wave of protesters and teachers and engineers joined the Yangon crowd. I saw a saffron-colored monk standing outside the temple, raising a three-finger salute and supporting a saluting crowd.
“We will not allow the military dictatorship to pass to the next generation,” said Saw Maung Maung, who lives in Yangon. “We will continue to protest until the dictatorship fails.”
The US State Department supported the country’s peaceful protests, saying it was “extremely concerned” about restrictions on the military gathering.
“We include the right to assemble peacefully, including peaceful protests in support of democratically elected governments, and the freedom to seek to receive information both online and offline. We will work with those who support the right to freedom of expression,” said spokesperson Ned . Price.
UN spokesman Stephen Dujaric said measures imposed by Myanmar’s military rulers, such as causing a power outage on the Internet, were “worrisome” and limited citizens’ ability to speak. The UN Human Rights Council will hold a special meeting in Myanmar on Friday.
Protesters have been working on a wide range of internet and communications restrictions since last week’s intermittent coups blockade with mobile data networks and social networking sites Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.
General Min Aung Rhein held “free and fair” elections on Monday in his first television address since he took power, and he told citizens
He didn’t say when the elections would take place, but repeatedly claimed that the November 2020 poll, when Shu Qi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) party won an overwhelming victory, was fraudulent. The state of emergency imposed when Min Aung Rhein came to power lasts for a year.
The Election Commission denied the allegations, saying that any irregularity would not have been enough to change the overall outcome.
In his speech, Min Aung Rhein said a new election committee had been formed to investigate the voting list.
Analysts said his military justification for his inauguration was not upheld because his seizure of power was illegal and in doing so violated his own constitution, which the military created in 2008.
“The military claims that their actions are in accordance with the Constitution, but this is a coup, and the Army has bent the rules to their benefit. Now seriously the 2008 Constitution drafted by the Army. It’s hard for everyone to take it, “he said. Melissa Crouch said. She is a law professor at the University of New South Wales in Australia and the author of the “Myanmar Constitution.”
Civil leader Shu Qi has not been in contact since he was detained hours before military rule. She is under house arrest and she has been charged with violating import and export laws. Meanwhile, the exiled president Win Myint has been charged with violating the Natural Disaster Management Act.
The Political Prisoner Assistance Association (AAPP), a human rights organization in Myanmar, has documented at least 133 high-ranking government officials and legislators and 14 activists since the coup.
“There are reasonable concerns that the junta will turn these peaceful demonstrations into riots and take advantage of instability,” said AAPP Deputy Secretary Bo Kyo.
“Whenever a state institution is unstable, it is the most marginalized sector of society that suffers, and the military has a way to blame someone or another group. Do not allow this to happen. A peaceful march to democracy must succeed. “