CNN-The White House paved the way for the citizenship of millions of migrants already in the country on Thursday for undocumented migrants who were brought to the United States as children. Announced a comprehensive immigration bill that provides a faster path for.
The bill faces uphill in a tightly divided parliament. Senator Nancy Pelosi has a margin of only five votes, and Senate Democrats do not have the 60 Democratic votes needed to pass the bill with party support alone.
Officials late Wednesday argued that the bill was an attempt to resume talks about US immigration reform by President Joe Biden, saying he remained open to negotiations.
He has been in the Senate for 36 years and first told you that the legislative process could look different on the other side of where it begins, he said on the phone with a reporter with Congress. cooperate.
Efforts come as there are several separate legislative bills aimed at overhauling smaller parts of the country’s immigration system. For example, South Carolina Republican Senator Lindsey Graham and Illinois Democrat Majority Whipdick Durbin have introduced the DREAM Act, which provides a path to citizenship for immigrants who illegally arrive in the country as children. Reintroduced.
Government officials said the best way to move forward was to pass the bill or plan to divide it into multiple parts, depending on Congress.
Sometimes I take care of myself, but I don’t sacrifice saying I’m never going to do that”. There is a rational path to citizenship. Biden spoke at Milwaukee’s CNN Town Hall on Tuesday.
The president has promised to work with Congress to discuss the best way to move forward.
Authorities do not say whether they believe that the reconciliation process, which applies only to a specific subset of the bill and is a special budgeting tool that allows the Senate to pass the bill with a simple majority, can be applied to the immigration bill. It was. According to officials, it’s too early to guess at this point.
The Senate is working to pass the president’s coronavirus bailout bill through a settlement. Governments are also expected to use this process to pass infrastructure legislation.
Biden’s immigration bill is introduced by Senate Democrat Bob Menendez of New Jersey and House of Representatives Linda Sanchez of California. The bill entitled the US Citizenship Act of 2021 includes:
Plan the road to citizenship
According to government officials, the law goes beyond 2013’s latest efforts by reducing the time to obtain citizenship to eight years instead of thirteen.
First, people are in a temporary state, equivalent to a five-year, three-year, or eight-year pass, before gaining citizenship. The exception is undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as children. A form of humanitarian assistance. Relief known as temporary protection status, or being an agricultural worker.
Those people can go directly to the green card if they meet requirements such as passing a background check. Immigrants must be in the country before January 1, 2021 to be eligible for the bill’s legalization plan.
Biden’s proposed bill, if passed, would remove the word alien from US immigration law and replace it with the word non-citizen. According to government officials, this change is a better reflection of the president’s values regarding immigration.
However, the term illegal immigrants, long accused of inhumane insults by immigrant advocates, became even more lightning rods during the Trump era, and some federal officials encouraged its use. The state and local governments have taken steps to ban it.
The bill exempts certain categories from counting to the annual limit. For example, legal permanent resident spouses, partners, and children under the age of 21 are exempt from the restrictions. The bill will also fund the US Citizenship and Immigration Department to reduce the outstanding portion of asylum claims.
The Illegal Immigration Change Bill is funding more immigration judges and emphasizing access to lawyers.
Approve the funding of lawyers for children and vulnerable people and remove the one-year limit for filing asylum cases. The bill also grants by removing the ban on re-entry into the United States if a person previously illegally resided in the United States and randomly selecting in the country selected to promote immigration of the place. Increase the number of so-called diversity visas that are issued. Otherwise, we wouldn’t send many immigrants to the United States. According to government officials, the bill will increase the number of visas granted each year from 55,000 to 80,000.
According to government officials, the law proposes the creation of a committee of employers, unions and civil rights defenders to make recommendations on ways to improve worker verification. This measure will also increase protection against migrants who come forward to report labor breaches and increase penalties for employers who deliberately hire undocumented workers.
Invest in the border between Mexico and the United States and Central America
The bill works to address the root causes of migration, for example by cracking down on smugglers and drug and trafficking networks. By establishing refugee treatment in Central America and developing a $ 4 billion investment plan in the region, it seeks to create a legal and secure route for migration.
It will first be developed in a bipartisan way, but it also causes the countries of the region to reaffirm their commitment to corruption, invest their own resources and act to reform their systems. Will demand that it happen, officials said.
This measure also includes improving technology and infrastructure at the border, including better management at ports of entry.